Today I’m pleased to share a guest post by Jeff Toister.
I recently traveled overseas and had to get a loaner phone from Verizon, since my iPhone wouldn’t work in the UK or Ireland. If Verizon had sent me a net promoter-style customer satisfaction survey about their Global Traveler Program (they didn’t), I’d probably give it a 7. You can get an overview of Net Promoter scoring on the Net Promoter System website, but a 7 is a relatively neutral score.
It may be tempting to classify my service experience as good, but not great. However, my slightly positive overall perception of Verizon’s Global Traveler Program is really a rough average of elements that were truly fantastic as well as some frustrating service failures that greatly diminished my enthusiasm. In other words, Verizon was one step away from either turning me into an enthusiastic promoter or an angry detractor.
What is Good Service?
Customer service is a function of each individual customer’s expectations and experience. Outstanding service happens when experience exceeds expectations, while poor service is the result of experience falling short of expectations.
What happens most often? Good service. This is when the experience meets expectations. There’s nothing wrong with good service per se, but it isn’t memorable. We only tend to notice, and remember, service that’s outside the norm.
A Collection of Experiences
My perception of Verizon’s Global Traveler Program was really a collection of experiences. There were at least seven distinct moments of truth that shaped my overall impression.
My overall impression of Verizon’s Global Traveler Program wasn’t just impacted by the average of each moment of truth, but by their sequence.
Starting Perception. This signifies where a customer’s perceptions are at the start of the experience. Good (neutral) impressions are relatively easy to sway, but strong perceptions are not. That’s because a phenomenon called confirmation bias causes customers to selectively filter out information that doesn’t match their existing beliefs. If they’re a raving fan, they’ll look for evidence that Verizon is awesome. If they hate Verizon, they’ll look for any little nitpick to justify their feelings.
Primacy. My first two experiences with the Global Traveler Program were great. Since my starting position was neutral, I was easily moved into a 9 or 10 position on a 10-point scale. First impressions are typically the most memorable, so a strong first impression can heavily influence a customer’s overall perception.
Mid-point. The two poor experiences were sandwiched between neutral or positive experiences. This, combined with an outstanding first impression, likely prevented my overall perception from being in the 4 or 5 range.
Recency. My last moment of truth was good since it was relatively easy to return the phone. Customers tend to remember their first impression and their last impression, so a good beginning and end can help overcome a few negative experiences in between.
What can we learn? I see a few takeaways here:
1. Good service can hide distinct opportunities to be either great or terrible.
2. Companies should fall all over themselves to make a great first and last impression.
3. It’s a good idea to collect data that goes beyond an overall impression to help you spot the strong and weak points in your service delivery system.
What other lessons can companies learn from this experience?
This post was originally published on Jeff’s blog and is reprinted here with permission.
Jeff Toister is the author of Service Failure: The Real Reasons Employees Struggle with Customer Service and What You Can Do About It, a book that reveals hidden obstacles to outstanding service. His company, Toister Performance Solutions Inc., helps clients identify these obstacles so they can improve customer service.
I have a passionate dislike of the NPS measurement system, and I think you make the point admirably.
Boiling a complex customer relationship down to a single average number is hugely simplistic, it is only when you dig into the detail of the score that you get any insight.
It is very easy to drown in a lake that is on average only 3 inches deep.
Grateful to check out your website, I seem to be ahead to more excellent sites and I wish you wrote more informative posts like this one for us. Thanks for sharing !
Thanks for your comment, James.
It wasn't really my intent to post for or against NPS, but you are right that a single number alone doesn't cut it. Even the creators of NPS insist it must be more than a score:
I think you make a great point about customer psychology and the importance of initial and final impressions, something I wrote about in: http://www.adrianswinscoe.com/blog/customer-relationships-and-the-primacy-and-recency-effect/
I wish companies would pay more attention to this, particularly the recency part of the cycle (which could be every time you interact with a customer).
All the best, Adrian
I enjoyed your post, Adrian. Thanks for sharing!